McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best called a Formula One contractor and also has a history of completing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis fitter, and has won the Canadian-American Challenge Cup (Can-Am) cars racing champion. The team is the second earliest active, and second most successful Solution One group after Ferrari, having won 182 races, Drivers' Champions and eight Manufacturers' Champions. The team is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their biggest preliminary success was in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Additional American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the team to their first Solution One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Championship in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Task Four Racing; Dennis took over as group principal and soon after arranged a buyout of the initial McLaren shareholders to take complete control of the group. This began the group's most successful era: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them seven Drivers' Champions and the team took 6 Fitters' Championships. The mix of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later on their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams used the most consistent obstacle throughout this period, the two winning every manufacturers' title in between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had relocated to Williams, and the team went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and previous Williams designer Adrian Newey, further champions was available in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the team corresponded front-runners, chauffeur Lewis Hamilton taking their most current title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren group principal in 2009, handing over to long period of time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season since 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren revealed in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time considering that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had actually agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to use Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season till at least 2024. After at first going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works motorist for the British Formula One group Cooper with whom he had won 3 Grands Prix and come second in the 1960 World Champion. Wishing to compete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, but when group owner Charles Cooper insisted on utilizing 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce decided to establish his own team to run him and his potential Formula One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-made read more Cooper cars and trucks.